Automation of production refers to measures to release a person from the functions of control and management of technological processes. These measures provide for the creation and use of automatic devices – devices, devices and machines that carry out production processes without the direct participation of a person, only under his supervision.
Many new productions and processes cannot be carried out without automation at all (in cases of high pressures, temperatures, speeds, harm to human health, etc.).
Nowadays, most automatic devices are electrical or have electrical components as their main components. Electrical devices have great advantages over mechanical, pneumatic, hydraulic, etc.
You know there are several kind of automation electrical products that are very useful in making a premise and factory automate. One such device to make automation more effective is PMI80-F90-IU-V1, a distance and direction measurement sensor. Let’s read more about the advantages of making a system automatic.
Benefits of electrical automation systems
Automatic devices, their measuring, control and reproducing organs consist of the simplest elements (links) that perform certain functions in the process of monitoring, control and regulation. All elements are interconnected.
The use of electricity in automatic control, management and regulation makes it possible to unify elements for measuring a wide variety of physical and chemical quantities.
Sensors convert quantities of a wide variety of natures into electrical signals that can be monitored and measured by a relatively small number of types of electrical devices. Electrical measuring devices have high accuracy, sensitivity and speed, a wide range of measurement limits.
The electrical elements of automation are very diverse. Electromechanical, electrical machine, ferromagnetic, electrothermal, electronic and other electrical elements are widespread. Their action is based on the use of relationships between electrical, on the one hand, and mechanical, thermal, magnetic and other processes, on the other.
Within each of the listed groups, there is a great variety of designs and schemes. Elements of the same group can perform different functions (sensors, amplifiers, actuators, etc.).
The use of electricity makes it possible to remotely measure and record monitored values, and to carry out signaling (light and sound) simply and clearly.
Thanks to electricity, visual control of production is carried out (in places that are inaccessible to humans for various reasons).
With automatic control, the automatic device provides the necessary sequence, the beginning and the end of the individual operations that make up the workflow. Electricity in automatic control and regulation systems increases accuracy, sensitivity, speed.
A great advantage of electric control and regulation systems over pneumatic and hydraulic systems is the absence of restrictions on the distance between individual elements of the system.
Telemechanics allows you to control and manage many remote objects from one control center. The connection of a large number of objects with the control room can be carried out through one communication channel, which gives significant savings in technical means and materials. Remote control devices (transmitters, receivers, communication channels) can only be created from electrical elements.
Electrical automatic devices are convenient in that any production has sources of electrical energy – electrical networks . Additional installations (compressors, pumps) are required to power the hydraulic and pneumatic devices.
The greatest production and economic effect is provided by complex automation of production. At the same time, both the main technological processes and auxiliary (for example, transport and loading) are automated. Comprehensive automation is only possible with electrical components.
Electrical automatic devices also have some disadvantages. Sometimes their use is limited by the requirements of explosion and fire safety. In some cases, they can be more difficult to operate than pneumatic and hydraulic devices.