Test Scenarios vs. Test Cases: A Guide For Software Testers

Earlier software testing was considered as an afterthought. A few years down the line, businesses, as well as development companies, started to acknowledge the concept of software testing and now it seems to have established itself as a formidable career choice. Today softwares is being released at a fantastic pace, and all you need is a high-quality solution if you want to gain an edge. And not to mention that this calls for precise development and testing procedure. Fortunately, you will come across numerous software development companies that ensure to deliver high-end software testing services from their space. Also, if you are planning to become a software tester then these companies are great to get started with. 

Over the years it is safer to say that software testing or quality assurance seems to have evolved to a great extent. Not just software development companies but also businesses are emphasizing performing tests using new-age development methodologies such as Agile and DevOps. 

Title – Test Scenarios vs. Test Cases: A Guide For Software Testers 1

Roles and Responsibilities of a Software Tester 2

How does Software Testing Work? 3

Now how is a software testing process conducted? 3

What is a Test Scenario? 3

What is Test Case? 4

Test Case vs Test Scenario 5

Final Verdict 5


Roles and Responsibilities of a Software Tester

Now before we proceed further, it’s time to focus on certain roles and responsibilities of a software tester. Most of the test engineers are responsible for: 

  • Reading all documents and focusing only on what needs to be done
  • Further testing procedures are being conducted
  • Inform team lead regarding what resources are required 
  • Developing test cases is possible 
  • All test cases are executed and reports are being well-documented
  • Regression Testing is done regularly to fix defects

  And as a Team lead, he or she is responsible for: 

  • Define test activities
  • Responsible for conducting test planning 
  • Check if the team members are able to execute test processes or not! 
  • Prepare appropriate report 
  • Update project manager regularly

How does Software Testing Work? 

Generally speaking, software testing is a process of evaluating and verifying that the developed software application works right according to the given requirements. Removal of bugs, fixing issues, reducing development costs, and enhancing performance are some of the core benefits of conducting software tests. Some of the core types of software testing include: 

  • Acceptance Testing 
  • Integration Testing 
  • Unit Testing 
  • Functional Testing 
  • Performance Testing 
  • Regression Testing 
  • Usability Testing 
  • Stress Testing 

Now how is a software testing process conducted? 

  • Assessing development plan 
  • Develop test plan
  • Building Test Phase
  • Executing Test cases 
  • Evaluate Test effectively 

What is a Test Scenario?

Have you come across high-level documentation of a use case? This is what a test scenario probably is. Scenario testing is performed just to make sure that the end-to-end functioning of software works well. By using test scenarios, you can rest assured that everything is working well. Some of the best examples of test scenarios include: 

  • Check the search functionality 
  • Check the payment functionality 
  • Check the login functionality

Now you must be wondering why test cases are written? One of the main objectives of writing a test scenario is to verify the complete functionality of the developed app. Apart from this, the test scenario also ensures that all the business procedures are conducted as per the given requirements. Generally speaking, test scenarios are approved by different stakeholders such as business analysts, developers and so forth. Test scenarios act as a quick tool to determine testing work. In addition, all end-to-end transactions or the real use of the software applications. Other benefits of conducting test scenarios are: 

  • Validating development work
  • Determining real-world use 
  • Enhances user experience
  • Test scenario saves time, money, and excess efforts. 
  • Help in building better test cases 

What is Test Case?

Unlike Test Scenario, a test case is a set of conditions that is highly preferable for evaluating specific features of the software product. Test case assists software testers to determine whether the software satisfies all the requirements and functions properly. Now this one is a single executable test which guides the tester to perform tests in the best possible manner. Now here comes the big question, what is the point of writing test cases? 

  • Verify conformance to applicable standards and customer requirements
  • Validating expectations 
  • Ability to stimulate real-user scenarios
  • Easy exposure of errors and defects 
  • Everything seems to be well-organized 

Test Case vs Test Scenario

Factors Test Cases  Test scenario
Define Comprises of clearly defined test Comprises of high-level documentation and end to end functionality 
Focus What to test and how its done What to test 
Derived From Test Scenario Use cases
Benefit  Conducting exhaustive testing of app Beneficial of testing end to end functionality
Time Taken  More Time is Needed  Comparatively less Time is Taken

Final Verdict

Well both test case and test scenarios are necessary if you want to excel in the ever-changing digital transformation. The best approach is always to draft test scenarios first and then trend towards test cases. Fortunately, both of these come in handy in today’s agile and DevOps environment. So this is all for now! In case, if you have any further doubts or queries, feel free to mention that in the comment section below.